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Gardening Skills for Successful Survival
Whether you are a CEO of a big company, an atomic scientist or a brilliant author, when the SHTF, unless you have survival skills your seven-figure income will not make a difference if you are dying of starvation. Normal emergencies that last a short time, a week or even a month, take careful planning to make sure you have enough supplies to last until help arrives. A major problem like a total economic collapse takes studying, not just preparation. You need to learn self-sufficiency skills. One of those skills is learning to raise and grow your own food.
You must start right now to develop the skills so they can become second nature. There are many different skills for gardening. The basics is simply planting the seed and knowing how to care for the growing plant, part of that is soil preparation. Not all soils are ideal for growing plants. Soils that are best are silt and loam, but you must know how to garden in clay or sandy soils if they are in your area. If your soil is not rich in nutrients and organic materials, you need to learn how to compost and enrich the soil.
You can start your lessons right now, without even having a yard. Container gardening can teach you a lot, maybe not about clearing the land and turning the earth, but it will give you all the basics on plant growth. You will learn how to make sure your soil is aerated and how to create your own organic fertilizer. With just a few containers, you can also learn quite a bit about seed germination and growing many varieties of food right on a balcony or in a sunny window.
Always start with heirloom seeds. They are subject to more diseases than hybrids, but eventually you will want to learn to save seeds to plant and many hybrids are sterile. Also, if they reproduce, since it is a cross of two types of the plant species, you will not always be sure of the type of plant you will grow. Some seeds are easy to save. For instance, when you cook spaghetti squash, you scoop out the seeds to discard, just wash those off and allow them to dry and then plant them the following year. Tomatoes need to be fermented. The fungus eats off the outside gelatinous covering of the seed and by doing that, the seed can germinate. The fungus also prevents many air-borne diseases.
I can personally attest to insuring your plant does not cross breed. When planted too close together, zucchini will crossbreed with watermelon, spaghetti squash and other plants. The first year everything is okay if they are together, there is no problem with the vegetables or fruit you harvest. But the seeds from those plants will produce a wide variety of vegetables. They will be a mystery harvest, sometimes being spaghetti squash, sometimes looking more like zucchini and some you will never be able to identify. Imagine if that were your only source of food for the year.
You may need to start small but that does not matter if you start somewhere and have the knowledge if a disaster occurs.