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Many of the same techniques can be used to collect water when the SHTF as you’d use in wilderness survival. However, there are also many more permanent methods that provide a larger source of water for everyday uses, such as cleaning and personal hygiene. We’ll look at both ways to provide both immediate and long term water collecting techniques.
1. Plant Transpiration
Plant transpiration is an important technique that doesn’t require much more than some cordage, a clear plastic bag, small rock and a large non-toxic plant. Plants give off water vapor as part of their photosynthesis process. Capturing it provides a clean source of water without any contaminants, except for the occasional bug or leaf. Those are easy to filter out. Just tie a plastic bag around a tree and let the sun do its magic. This is only good for sunny days, since plants need it for photosynthesis.
2. Solar Stills
Solar stills also require sunlight and a plastic bag, but they get the evaporated water from the soil. Dig a large hole, cover it with plastic that’s tightly secured by rocks. Put a stone in the center to direct the flow of water to a cup or container beneath. The water evaporates from the soil, condenses on the plastic and flows into the cup. Both of these techniques provide some temporary relief, but for larger volumes of water, you need to take other steps.
3. Hand Well Pump
Prepare ahead of time with a hand well pump. Installing an old-fashioned hand pump to your well can provide adequate water if there’s no electricity. These pumps are valuable for more than just the SHTF disasters and can come in handy for anyone that uses a well with an electric pump, which becomes useless when the electricity is out.
4. Water Heater or Pipes
If you live in the city and need a quick source of water to tide you over until you can find a permanent one, consider going to water heaters or pipes. Businesses often have water heaters that people fail to consider. Just drain the water you need with the drain spigot on the heater. It’s clean and can be an immediate source.
5. Collecting Rainwater
Collecting rainwater is a viable solution. There are various ways to do it. One is to tie a tarp between four trees for collection or dig a large hole and line it with plastic or a tarp. You can collect and store it as the tarp fills. You can use your present down spouts to collect rainwater, but make sure you filter it before drinking it. Store the water in black 50 gallon or larger barrels to minimize the growth of algae.
Do you have any great ways to collect water? Share below.